Monday, September 16, 2013

Madagascar Ecology

As a result of the islands long isolation from abutting continents, Madagascar is home to a vast array of constitutes and animals, m both(prenominal) undercoat nowhere else on Earth.[17] Approximately 80% of all(prenominal) sic and animal species found in Madagascar argon autochthonic, including the lemur infraorder of primates, the carnivorous fossaand ternion avian families.[18] This distinctive ecology has led most ecologists to confer to Madagascar as the eighth continent,[19] and the island has been classified by preservation International as a biodiversity hotspot.[17] Over 10,000 plant species are primal to Madagascar, of which 90% are found nowhere else in the world.[20]Seven plant families are only found here, the graduate(prenominal)est act of any biodiversity hotspot in the world.[17]The plant family didiereaceae, composed of intravenous feeding genera and 11 species, is limited to the spiny forests of southwestern Madagascar. Four-fifths of the worlds p achypodium species are endemic disease to the island. three-fourths of Madagascars 960 orchid species are found here alone, as are six of the worlds eightbaobab species. The island is also home to around clxx bay wreath species, three times as some as are found on mainland Africa; 165 of these are endemic.
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Many native plant species are used as effective herbal tea remedies for a variety of afflictions, including the Madagascar periwinkle, which has of late been established as the closely effective treatment for leukemia and Hodgkins disease.[16] The travelers palm, endemic to the eastern rain forests,[21] is super iconi c of Madagascar and is featured in the natio! nal emblem as well as the port Madagascar logo.[22] Like its flora, Madagascars fauna is withal diverse and exhibits a high rate of endemism. Lemurs have been characterized as Madagascars flagship mammal species by conservation International.[17] In the absence of monkeys and former(a) competitors, these primates have adapted to a wide pose of habitats and diversified into numerous species. As of 2008, thither are...If you want to construct a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com

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