Friday, May 31, 2019

Censorship of Music Essay -- social issues

Censorship of Music In todays society, all types of music artists are expressing their views, opinions and feelings in their songs more or less what they see and what they know. This is on of the great things about this country, the freedom to express yourself. It is not fair, nor is it constitutional that music should be outlawed in any personal manner. It is not only hit music act to be censored it is in all types of music. They are taking past their rights and it isnt fair. As reported in the New York Times. Wall-Mart CD standards are Changing Pop Music, Wal-Mart and other large department stores sell CDs by your favorite artists which are not what your favorite artists originally created. Some retailers disavow to carry CDs with Parental Advisory Stickers, a few also go as far as to make it known to labels and artists that if the CD comes to their shelves with a cheating(a) word, a controversial cover, or an explicit lyric it will not be allowed on the shelves. Some of th e artists include Nirvana, Beck, John Mellencamp and the list goes on. (Internet ultratnet) The most youthful case involving Wal-Mart and censorship, was the new Sheryl Crow album. A song on the album which lashes the company for selling guns that end up in the wrong hands as caused the company to ban the album in stores. (Schruers 64) Delores Tucker, William Bennett, Senator Joseph Lieberman, and Senator Sam Nunn held a press conference in Washington D.C. The message censor obscene music and censor pro-drug lyrics. These censors announced their plan to pressure major record companies to discontinue production of what they called obscene music and music which contains blatantly pro-drug lyrics. All of the CDs targeted as obscene already carry RIAA Parental Advisory Labels. Parents are already provided with the information they need if they choose to monitor their childrens musical selections. Discontinuing production of this music takes the freedom of expression away form everyone - musicians and fans of every age. (Internet ultranet) The increasing controversy surrounding rap music, with its rough-edged lyrics about sex and violence, has prompted two very different responses from black oriented radio send in New York and Los Angeles. Two stakes WBLS New York and KACE in Los Angeles, have announced they wont play the roughest and most offensive songs. A third station WPWR opted... ... of their age. I always tell them that if you want to keep listening to the music that you enjoy, starting today you have to learn to fight back. If you dont fight for your own freedom, no one is going to give it to you. (Internet xnet). Morello believes and I agree, speech and expression are being shackled in the U.S., and she puts more than of the blame on the sure political climate. Cenosorship is coming down now harder then it has before. she says. Look at the Congress we have, trying to take funds away from the National Endowment for the arts, trying to kill public t elevision. They must be living in the Dark Ages. (Internet xnet). After reaserching music censorship and supporting anti-censorship organizations, I understand that there is much wrok to be done to get free speech. There will always be someone or some group to stand aganist what you believe. I think of the only way to really gain full freedom of speech is to fight and not give up. I think that the more people realize that rights are being violated, the more people will support the anit-censorship groups. I believe that people who do support these groups should really get involved. It is the only way we can win.

Thursday, May 30, 2019

Dr. Faustus Essay -- essays papers

Dr. FaustusIn Christopher Marlowes guide, Doctor Faustus, the idea of repentance is a reoccurring theme with the act character. Faustus is often urged by others to repent his decision to sell his soul to the devil, unless in the end he suffers eternal damnation. Faustus was resigned to this fate because he lacked the belief in his soul of God. He was once a moral and devout man, but greed led him to sin.Although Faustus has signed a contract with the devil in blood, it is intelligible that it is still able to repent. The good angel in the play is trying to make Faustus realize this. Throughout the play the angel encourages Faustus to stay away from isolated magic, Oh Faustus, lay that damned book aside, and gaze not on it lest it tempt thy soul and heap Gods heavy wrath upon thy head.(p. 26, line 69-71) Faustus increment interest in necromancy leads him to give the Lucifer his soul in return for twenty four years of luxurious life. The good angel is eer accompanied by an e vil angel who supports Faustus choice. Both spirits try to advise him on a course of action, with the evil one usually creation more influential. The evil angel speaks of the power, which Faustus thirsts after. Faustus does not want to be a servant to God. He was become disillusioned with the idea of heavenly pleasures when he realizes he can profit immediately from service to the devil. In an exchange with the good angel he shows his lack of interest in having to work for rewards Good holy person Sweet Faustus, leave that execrable actFaustus Contrition, prayer, repentance, what of these?Good Angel O, they are means to bring thee unto heaven With this display of lackadaisical attitude toward God, the likeliness of Faustus repenting be... ... but for Faustus weak soul it is impossible. The overage man in the play is the opposing character to Faustus. The old man is a devout Christian soul, who in hatred of all of the devils tortures, begs Faustus to repent. He clings to his f aith to the very end and even Mephostophilis is wary of harming him because of his good soul. Mephostophilis says in response to Faustus request to kill the old man, His faith is great. I cannot touch his soul. But what I may afflict his body with I will attempt, which is but little worse. In comparison, throughout the play Faustus is unable to repent. His weak soul is not true to God. He would have to truly belief in the supreme power of God in tramp to be saved. He does not repent because his faith has changed, he repents because he fears death. All of Faustus decisions are made through a weak, greedy, power hungry mindset.

Wednesday, May 29, 2019

Israel: The Vanguard of Middle East Stability Essay -- International G

The Middle eastern United States is a power keg near to burst. There are countries in the Middle East where their national stability is in question due to various terrorist and malicious attacks while early(a)s promote the inhalation of nations. If these fuses are allowed to spark, it would lead to a cataclysmic array of international consequences including skyrocketing oil prices, increase acts of terrorism, and even WWIII. But, there is a hope to quell this situation. The country of Israel has safeguarded the complete collapse of the Middle East to violence and chaos. It is the last country standing mingled with relative peace to Total War. But, this country will not be able to combat the dread knight of chaos forever it unavoidably international support. The United States has always kept a keen eye on Israel and has allowed it to continue its heavy load. Without the United States financial support, Israel will certainly collapse, and the Middle East will become as unpredicta ble as the shifting sands of its deserts. Due to the crisis in the Middle East and the potential escalation to World War, America needs to continue funding to Israel.As Israel fights the hydra of destruction, it does not have to look far to see the snarling teeth of Iran. Iran, more so than any other country, has the near turbulent and fragile relationship with Israel. This shaky peace is apparent as Israel and Iran had never had formal diplomatic relations since the Islamic Revolution of Iran in 1979 (Farrar-Wellman). This lack of communication has not only led to increased skepticism between the two countries, but also the severe hatred of each other. The sub-human perspective of Iran about Israel was expressed when current president of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadi... ...ifferent regions of the world, the situation will be dramatically worse without the military power of Israel. Without Israel, the terrorists will have a safe heaven by which to stage and plan te rrorist attacks across the Middle East. This increased level of attacks will lead to increased levels of instability within the other countries, and eventually lead to the overthrowing of other democracies in the region. Works CitedBrad, Mitchell. U.S Aid to Israel. Jewish Virtual Library. January 13, 2010 (Updated).Codedesman, Anthony H., and Nerguizian, Aram. The Gulf Military Balance in 2010 An Overview. Center for Strategic and international Studies. April 23, 2010.Country Reports on Terrorism 2008. U.S. Department of State. April 30, 2009. Chapter 2. Farrar-Wellman, Ariel. Israel-Iran Foreign Relations. Iran Tracker. April 8, 2010.

rye :: essays research papers

It is in the early hours of Monday morning when Holden returns Grand Central Station. He decides to sleep on one of the benches in the waiting room because he has nowhere else to go. He wakes around nine, as the hustle and bustle of the working day begins. He thinks ab egress the night before and the incident with Mr. Antolini he wonders if he has misinterpreted Antolinis touch. Disturbed by these though, he tries to think of something else. He reads a magazine someone has left behind. It is some kind of health magazine, however, and Holden gets more depressed, true he has cancer and is dying. Holden decides to go out and buy himself an inexpensive breakfast. He does not want to spend too much of Phoebes money. Since his tolerate is upset, he just drinks coffee. He leaves the train station and walks out to Fifth Avenue. All around him, people seem to be in the Christmas spirit, which is depressing to Holden. He begins to imagine he is disappearing, becoming invisible. He thinks th e distance it takes to cross the street keeps growing and fears he will never reach the other side it is equal a death dream. He then begins to talk to his dead brother, asking him to help him cross the street. Each time Holden makes it across another street, he thank Allie. After a while, Holden sits down on a bench to formulate a plan of action. He decides he will hitchhike "way out west". However, he decides to meet Phoebe one last time and say good-bye. He goes to her school and delivers a note asking her to meet him in the Metropolitan Museum of Art for lunch. Since he has nothing else to do, he goes to the museum to wait. While Holden waits, he meets two young boys and helps them locate the display of Egyptian mummies. The tomb-like structure makes Holden ill, and he goes to the tub and faints. Once he revives, he goes out to wait for Phoebe.

Tuesday, May 28, 2019

Government Affiliation and Cloning Essay -- Biology Medical Biomedical

governance Affiliation and cloneAbstractThe theory to alter and duplicate a human being first arose in the early 1900s. It became widely controversial since the entrance of the experiments on real animals by the 1990s. Influenced by its citizens, the governments both over the world stepped in to regulate the new process by establishing specific laws tackling the issue. Each government differed from the others, and hence, each national law varies from another. However, attempts were made to unite the regulations under international circumstances in organizations such as the United Nations. Still undergoing conformation, the effort to halt cloning failed to stay constant, and would continue to change in the future.Since the successful cloning of the sheep Dolly in Roslin Institution of Scotland on July 5, 1996 (Peters, 2003, p.161), governments wrestled with the ideal of human cloning. Thrust with the responsibility to regulate a new form of imitation mammalian reproduction, and p ossibly human reproduction, the government became the deciding factor amidst the storm of controversy. Dolly signifies the first mammal cloned from the fully differentiated cell, which already had the genes of its function fully expressed. It allowed the duplication of another individual from any living cell of body. Ian Wilmut announced and patented the Roslin Technique, the method to clone Dolly, on February 22, 1997 and explained the details on the issue of temper five days later (Peters, 2003, p.161). The reaction was immediate. Within hours of Wilmuts announcement, the Church of Scotland released its rebuttal, criticizing the event as unethical. Likewise, the world was quick to establish its stance, pronouncing the cloning of human as mora... ...eGovernment Affiliation 5answer is simply democracy in action. Surely, the population allow voice its opinion upon the matter, and whatever the majority of this generation decides, it will be enforced peacefully. Even as the times c hange-- peoples opinion changeit is still sure that the voices of the public will be heard.Government Affiliation 6BibliographyNCSL. (2005, June). State Human Cloning Law. 7-27-05 http//, Ted. 2003. Playing God? New York and London Routledge.Stanford. (2001, December). International Cloning Policy. Human Cloning- Cloning Policy. 7-24-05 http// Nations. (2005, May). Ad Hoc Committee on an International Convention Against the Reproduction Cloning of Human Beings. 7-28-05 http//

Government Affiliation and Cloning Essay -- Biology Medical Biomedical

Government connection and CloningAbstractThe theory to alter and duplicate a human being first arose in the early 1900s. It became widely controversial since the entrance of the experiments on real animals by the 1990s. Influenced by its citizens, the governments all over the world stepped in to regulate the new process by establishing specific laws tackling the issue. Each government differed from the others, and hence, each national law varies from other. However, attempts were made to unify the regulations under foreign circumstances in organizations such as the united Nations. Still undergoing conformation, the effort to halt clone failed to stay constant, and would continue to change in the future.Since the successful cloning of the sheep Dolly in Roslin Institution of Scotland on July 5, 1996 (Peters, 2003, p.161), governments wrestled with the ideal of human cloning. Thrust with the responsibility to regulate a new form of artificial mammalian reproduction, and by chance human reproduction, the government became the deciding factor amidst the storm of controversy. Dolly signifies the first mammal cloned from the fully differentiated cell, which already had the genes of its function fully expressed. It allowed the duplication of another individual from any living cell of body. Ian Wilmut announced and patented the Roslin Technique, the method to clone Dolly, on February 22, 1997 and explained the details on the issue of Nature five age later (Peters, 2003, p.161). The reaction was immediate. Within hours of Wilmuts announcement, the Church of Scotland released its rebuttal, criticizing the event as unethical. Likewise, the world was quick to establish its stance, pronouncing the cloning of human as mora... ...eGovernment Affiliation 5answer is simply democracy in action. Surely, the population will voice its opinion upon the matter, and whatever the majority of this generation decides, it will be compel peacefully. Even as the times change-- peop les opinion changeit is still sure that the voices of the public will be heard.Government Affiliation 6BibliographyNCSL. (2005, June). State Human Cloning Law. 7-27-05 http//, Ted. 2003. Playing God? New York and London Routledge.Stanford. (2001, December). International Cloning Policy. Human Cloning- Cloning Policy. 7-24-05 http// Nations. (2005, May). Ad Hoc Committee on an International Convention Against the Reproduction Cloning of Human Beings. 7-28-05 http//

Monday, May 27, 2019

Geopolitics in humanitarian action Essay

The analysis of how semipolitical decisions are conditioned by geographical settings is the subject matter of geopolitics. In purely spatial terms, geopolitics is the study of boundaries and areas. In conceptual terms, geopolitics comprises the study of international relations and the outcome of power struggles, at local and global scales. It explores events such as the branch of new asserts, the fragmentation of countries, and regional conflicts affecting several countries. The most important and long-lasting geopolitical event of the 20th century is the Cold War. The international do-gooder system has witnessed a dramatically transformation since the end of the Cold War, and even more so since the war on terror.To beneathstand humanist intercession in contemporary complex emergencies, the air will take apart the improver action and the changing geopolitical system. We will discuss many of the fundamental debates concerning the nature, persuasiveness and evolution of the humanitarian actions, the different humanitarian actors and the accompanying political dynamics that arise in variety of regional contexts. Among other issues, students will critically analyze the relationship between aid and conflict concepts of neutrality relationship to military intervention among others.We will use case studies to understand the growing complexity and the political weave of actors and influences affecting all those involve in humanitarian action and the changing operating environment. The course will encourage students to consider what is or could be the international communitys carrying capacity for response in a future of small-scale and regional wars producing humanitarian crises in the years to come. Finally, the course raillery will focus in on models of cooperation among actors that put rather than marginalize those populations and communities trapped in conflict, displacement and deprivation. Course general objectivesThis course examines the evolution of the humanitarian action in relation to changes in the international system. The students will be able to a) learn the political economy of conflict and humanitarian assistance b) Analyze the evolving nature of conflict in the international context c) realise the evolving architecture of the international humanitarian system d) Analyze contemporary aspects of security and conflict, the concept of state sovereignty, and the uneven geopolitics of humanitarian action e) Explore study debates and controversies of contemporary humanitarian action.Methods of assessmentGrading will be based on the following label VG or G (Distinction or Pass) as well as ECTS grades. Grading will be a combination of the in-class team oral breakations (40%), a create verbally final essay (50%), and the diligent participation of students in class (10%).The groups will be integrated by 5 or 6 students each. They will present to the class one selected humanitarian intervention case in 30 minutes with 1 5 additional minutes for questions and answers. All members of the group should participate. Presentations will be scheduled the first day of the course. The humanitarian intervention recommended for presentations are Syria, Iraq, former-Yugoslavia (Kosovo), the Horn of Africa, Ruanda, Afghanistan and Sudan. We can discuss other humanitarian interventions. This course is heavily participatory.For this reason, presence and active participation will be expected at all sessions. Participation shall reflect critical analysis and reflection based on readings. The final pen essay will be submitted during the IX Session of the course (Friday 22 November). The professor will explain the essays topic in the base of the course. The essay consists of a maximum of 2500 words. Preparation for class includes readings from books, articles, and websites. Classes are a combination of lecture, discussion, presentations, and videos. Sessions overviewSession I Mon 4 November, 10-12 room TBAIntroduct ion Overview of course and topics presented course requirements and expectations. Objectives1. Review of Syllabus2. Discussion of course requirements3. Selection of oral group presentations.Session II Wed 6 November, 10-12 Room TBAGeopolitics Overview Conflict analysis and the political economy of violenceObjectives1.- Understand the changing dynamics of conflict in the international system 2.- Develop alternative means of analyzing conflict and understanding the move of conflict 3.- Understand the interaction of humanitarian programming and conflict.Session III Fri 8 November, 10-12 Room TBAInternational and regional organizations in the global systemObjectives1.- Understand the role of governmental and non-governmental actors in the international system 2.- Discuss the role of security institutions What is the role of NATO, UN, UE, OAS and the other regional organizations in dealing with interstate and intrastate conflicts?Session IV Mon 11 November, 10-12 Room Eng TBAThe evolvin g nature of humanitarian crisisObjectives1.- Understand the changing nature of humanitarian crises2.- Analyze the implications for state sovereignty of Internationalhumanitarian action.Session V Wed 13 November, 10-12 Room TBAAn introduction to humanitarian action and the evolving architecture of humanitarian intervention Objectives1.- Describe the historical evolution and trends in humanitarian action 2.- Understand the normative foundations of humanitarian action 3.- Understand the normative frameworks that have guided humanitarian action. Session VI Fri 15 November, 10-12 Room TBAMain players and actors in humanitarian actionObjectives1.- Understand the definitions, types and organization of humanitarian agencies.Session VII Mon 18 November, 10-12 Room TBAThe contemporary operating environmentObjectives1.-Explore the major debates and controversies of contemporary humanitarism Presentation of 2 Case StudiesSession VII Wed 20 November, 10-12 TBAThe future of humanitarian action1.- Understand a complex political catch and its consequences 2.-Identify recent trends in humanitarian action.Presentation of 2 case studiesSession IX Fri 22 November, 10-12 Room TBAFinal discussion on models of cooperation among diverse actors that empower rather than marginalize vulnerable populations and communities trapped in conflict and humanitarian action. Presentation of 2 case studies and final essay submission.Literature ListBooks necessaryWalker, Peter & Daniel Maxwell. Shaping the add-on World. New YorkRoutledge, 2009 http// Electronic resourcesAnderson, Mary. The Do No Harm Handbook. Cambridge, Local Capacities for Peace, Project, 2004. get-at-able on http//, Michael. Humanitarianism transformed. Perspectives on politics, Vol. 3, No.4 (Dec., 2005), pp. 723-740. favorable on http//, Alex. The R esponsibility to ProtectFive Years On. Ethics & International Affairs Vol.24 (2), 2010, pp. 143169. Accessible on http//, Sarah, Samir Elhawary and Robert Muggah. States of fragility stabilization and its implications for humanitarian action. Disasters. Vol. 34 Supplement, 2010, pp. 275S296. Accessible on http//, Michael. The New Geography of Conflict. Foreign Affairs, Vol.80, No.3 (May-Jun., 2001), pp. 49-61. Accessible on http//, Jonathan. Deciding Humanitarian Intervention. Social Research, Vol. 74, No. 1, Difficult Choices (SPRING 2007), pp. 169-200. Accessible on http//, David. Humanitarianism in crisis. Foreign Affairs, Vol.81, No.6 (Nov-Dec 2002), pp. 111-121. Accessible on http// of books recommendedBellamy, Allex. Humanitarian Intervention in world politics in Baylis, John et al. T he globalisation of world politics An introduction to international relations. Oxford Oxford university Press, 2008, pp. 522-538.Duffield, Mark. Global Governance and the New Wars In Duffield, Mark. Global Governance and the Causes of Conflict. New York Zed book, 2002, pp. 108-136.Keen, David, Going to War How quick-scented Is It? in International Committee of the Red. Cross, War, Money and Survival. Geneva, 2000, pp. 28-31.Kupchan, Charles A. Empires and Geopolitical Competition Gone for Good in Crocker, Chester et al. (eds.) Turbulent Peace The challenges of managing international conflict. Washington joined States make of Peace, 2001,pp. 39-52.Spearin, Christopher. Humanitarians and mercenaries Partners in security Governance? in Krahmann, Elke. New threats and new actors in international security. New York Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, pp. 45-68Rufin, Jean-Christophe The Economics of War A New Theory for build up Conflicts in International Committee of the Red Cross. War, Money and Surviva, Geneva, 2000, pp. 22-27Recommended reports and electronic articlesICISS. The Responsibility to Protect. Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty. New York, UN, 2001. Accessible on http// Sphere Project. Humanitarian Charter & Minimum Standards in Disaster Response http//,english/de Torrente, Nicolas. Humanitarian carry out under Attack Reflections on the Iraq War. Harvard Human Rights Journal. Vol. 17(1), 2004, pp. 1-30.Huysmans, Jef. Shape-Shifting NATO Humanitarian Action and the Kosovo Refugee Crisis. Review of International Studies, Vol. 28, No. 3 (Jul., 2002), pp. 599-618. Accessible on http//, Thomas and Peter Hoffman. The mist over of Humanitarianism Collective Action problems and Learning-Challenged Organizations. Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, Vol.1 (1), 2007, pp. 47-65Useful Humanitari an websitesRelief Web http//www.reliefweb.intAlert Net http//www.alertnet.orgCollaborative learning project http// United Nation Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. http// World nourishment Program http//www.wfp.orgThe Humanitarian Policy Group Humanitarian Practice Network Sphere Project http// Learning Network for Accountability http// Performance (ALNAP)The Humanitarian Accountability Partnership (HAP-I)People in Aid of major humanitarian agenciesUN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian http// (OCHA)International Committee of the Red Cross http// International Federation of Red Cross and http// Crescent SocietiesMdecins sans Frontires http// World Food Programme http// http// Vision http// http// of humanitarian Assistance http//jha.acVideosKofi Annan Center of the Storm, PBS Video, 2002

Sunday, May 26, 2019

Development organisation in an urban facility

As we venture into this major event of building a manufacturing factory, which will be situated within a major residential development area, concerns are being raised about hindrance and the impacts it will have on the health of the community nearby. Since relocating, the company to a different place is an uphill task and very expensive, we have involved the local community in the decisions that might affect them due to the operations of our factory.In seam with our goal to em remains environmental sustainability and to support sparing activity that will improve the feeling of life of the nearby community and the urban residents, we will move the residents in discussions to obtain their views and to alleviate their worries. In consultation with the community, which consists of people with various economic, education and occupation backgrounds, we have brought their needs, concerns and aspirations and presented them in this strategy.PURPOSE, AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE CONSULTATIO N STRATEGYWe regard that a strategy is needed to provide a coordinated and effective approach to consulting our neighbouring residents. Industrial noise generated from stationary sources such as production plants, refineries, manufacturing facilities, factories, pumping stations, etc. flowerpot affect people in various ways depending on a number of key variables. The discussion would involve the residents nearby and not factory workers. hindrance emissions from factories to the environment pose the greatest challenge to the industry and the regulators to establish and maintain appropriate limits. Noise is considered a bio system of logical stressor and excessive exposure to it is a health risk since it can contribute to the development and aggravation of stress related conditions such as high blood pressure, ulcers, migraine headaches, coronary disease and colitis.The body usually responds automatically to noise as a warning signal. Though reactions to a one time exposure to nois e do not answer in any irreversible effects, research suggests otherwise in some cases. The purpose for this strategy is to provide clear guidelines on how to undertake the consultations and then devour the recommendations. The aim of this strategy is to minimize the noise levels that emanate from our factory into the environment by seeking the views of the neighbouring community and giving them a chance to influence our decisions. Our hold objectives is to carry out a consultation that is inclusive, accessible and valuing diversity communicate back the results of the consultation back to the community implement the results of our consultation.TRANS-CULTURAL CHALLENGESWhy Culture?To determine these challenges, a framework definition of culture is important. Culture defines how we work, communicate, interact, decide, act and respond in the working world. Our backgrounds such as race, gender, or national origin shape our culture. Our economic status, groups that we join, where we l ive brand us with different cultures. Conflict resolution draws a lot from our cultural backgrounds. Since our factory is sited in a major urban residential area, the nearby people hail from different cultural backgrounds shaped with their economic status, place of birth etc.We seem to be misunderstood by some of our neighbours while illustrating to them our strategy, much of this might be because of different cultural values. Just as anthropologists Avruch and Black (1993) stated Ones own culture provides the lens through which we view the world the logic by which we order it the grammar by which it makes sense, we expect people to respond to our solution differently. Some might also interpret it as abnormal, eldritch, or wrong (Avruch & Black, 1993).Facing the ChallengesTo carry out this consultation, the influence of culture on our communication has to be understood. As engineers, we will be tasked with interpreting to the community what we believe and have tested to be low n oise and with minimum or no health hazard. We will also be expected to help in the decision making process for the implementation of the consultation results. We must also involve some representatives of the community in the daily operations of the factory and the environmental safety achieved at different stages.Sample ProjectIn a survey conducted on cross-cultural challenges involved in Japanese overseas projects, 33 Japanese professionals from various organizations educational institutions in Japan responded to the survey. This research investigated the challenges faced by the Japanese workers in international projects. Most of them preferred cross-cultural training to better equip them with what to expect from other cultures.Effectiveness of trans-cultural approachesTraining for our employees is necessary for them to understand the complaints that might be raised from time to time by the residents during the operations of the factory. The residents will also be notified of the a llowable noise levels recommended by organizations like the World Health Organization (WHO). In doing these, we expect to improve our interaction and communication with the residents and achieve our goal of environmental sustainability to improve the quality of life of the nearby community.LIST OF REFERENCESAvruch, K. and Black, P. (1993). Conflict Resolution in Intercultural Settings Problems and Prospects. Conflict Resolution Theory and Practice Integration and Application. Manchester Manchester University Press.

Saturday, May 25, 2019

Five forces for Zappos Essay

The threat of new entrants into the online shoe/apparel market is relatively small due to the incident that Zappos is such an established disgrace and has change their business model. It would be far too expensive for a new company to copy the characteristics of Zappos including their next day delivery and large overhead. The fact that Zappos was losing money initially illustrates this difficulty. A nonher issue that would create a high barrier to entry is Zappos commitment to the consumer through overnight ecstasy. Zappos stated that the overnight shipping caused them to leave their warehouses open for the entire day. Any other company would be at a competitive disadvantage if they didnt match this business practice. In all the way Zappos does business creates too high a barrier to entry for threats of new entry to be high for that reason we would rate it 2 OF 5._Substitutes_We would rate substitutes at 3 OF 5, being that the threat is somewhat average. With the uniqueness of Za ppos, non many stores shtup match such a shopping pick up service as Zappos. The reason we ranked the threat of substitutes at 3 of 5 is because there are Brick and Mortar Stores that may be used as substitutes of Zappos. These specialty stores are not up to Zappos standards, alone at the same time their specialization with certain products make them a threat to Zappos. The whole person-to-person contact great deal have a big advantage in terms of customer service. Zappos answers by extraordinary customer service, which really makes the average consumer heart as if they are special and are in contact with a real person._Rivalry_The rivalry with existing firms for Zappos is fair, we gave it a rating of 3.5 OF 5. A main challenger for online retail is Amazon however Amazon recently bought out Zappos. Since their largest competitor is now a sister company, the main competition Zappos faces are highly specialized online retailers such as Karmaloop and EastBay. These competitors pose a threat to some of Zappos sections such as athletic shoes, sporting goods, accessories, and apparel.Both of these sites offer free shipping as well, so that takes away one of Zappos main competitive advantages. Zappos still has the premier customer service. Currently their biggest rival is eBay, eBay offers everything that Zappos does, and sometimes at a lower price. only since eBay is an auction site, it cannot guarantee a set price or free shipping like Zappos can. Customer service is where Zappos sets itself apart from its competition, offering a 365 day return policy and 24/7 call center hours based in the US._Suppliers_We rated the bargain power of suppliers at a 5 OF 5 because Zappos has a lot of leverage. A reason behind this is Zappos couldnt function effectively without a cooperative supplier since they are a distribution company. If the supplier determined that they wanted more money per shipment then Zappos nigh likely comply. Taking the resources to find new su pplies can be very costly. Also, they may not be able to find a supplier that can offer them the same variety of brands and styles that the current supplier does. Another way the supplier has bargaining power is that there are other companies like Amazon or that they could choose to do business with if Zappos isnt satisfying their needs. The supplier is possibly the most crucial link in the value chain for Zappos and for this reason they have a lot of bargaining power with Zappos._Customers_There are two aspects we can look at the bargaining power of customers. (1) Zappos is customer service based and the customers know that. If thecustomers lose their power, Zappos may lose customers. (2) Customers do not have many direct substitutes. Shoes are a necessity and here are few options like Zappos for buying shoes online. In sum they lose a bit of their power by this fact. Chances are if the customer does not like brick and mortar stores (physical shopping) they will stil l need to purchase from Zappos but it opens up gap then of which a new entrant may try to take advantage. Keeping both those aspects in mind, the bargaining power of customers can be considered intermediate thus a rating of 3 OF 5.CONCLUSIONZappos has created a very structural attractive company. There is a lot of path for growth with the recent purchase by Amazon.ZAPPOS FIVE FORCES AND SWOT ANALYSISFirst prepare a Five Force Analysis of how Zappos operates using Michael gatekeepers framework. Provide a short, direct and to the point analysis of each of the five forces as well as a CONCLUSION about the overall structural attractiveness of the industry in which your company operates. Substantiate your analysis with DATA.Secondly, present an overall SWOT analysis of Zappos, discuss the implications of the analysis for future strategic options the company might address. You may use a narrative style or diagram for each of the industryforces and your SWOT analysis. In all cases you must(prenominal) PROVIDE A SCALE of how you rate each force in terms of its effect on the industrys competitiveness now and in the future, e.g. High/Medium/Low and Increasing/Decreasing/ Staying the Same. The objective of this case is for you to understand how the choices a company makes about its resources and capabilities will affect its strategic viability.

Friday, May 24, 2019

Technology Today

Todays technology is progressing faster than anyone has ever expected and is changing the management that we live our lives. Technology is athletic supportering us in some ways, but it is also hurting us in other ways. The biggishgest change that we be experiencing is the way that we go. We retain legion(predicate) different ways to communicate with each other, especially comp ard to 20 years ago. We now have cell phones that butt joint do only if ab out(p) anything and that make our daily lives much easier and answer us to get things done in a more orderly fashion.The top three things changed communications are the texting, amicable networking, and the Smart phones. In my credence the pros outweigh the cons in the new ways of communication. It is not only a respectable way to keep in interlocutor with friends and family, but it peck help save lives in emergencies. Texting is becoming one of the most touristy forms of communication. It is very convenient because it ma kes getting in contact with psyche very simple and you dont have to interrupt multitude enchantment they are having conversations.You screw check up on pictures and videos that your friends or family wanted you to distinguish that they recorded, just by having them choose the picture and then having them send it to your phone, where you can then view the pictures or watch the video. Texting is very staple fibre, when you want to talk to someone you use your phone key pad and you simply hit the letters on the keys to spell the word. and so you just continue from there to complete what center you need to send to that person. It takes cartridge holder to really get good at texting, but once you get it your going to be hooked.Texting can be good in many an(prenominal) ways and many parents like texting because it is one of the quickest ways to get a hold of one of their children. A masses of kids do not answer their phone for calls because they are in class or they are havin g a conversation and they do not want to be ill-mannered and interrupt the person that they are talking to, so they just ignore the call and often times forget to get back to whoever was calling them. If they would have texted them they would have gotten a text back within minutes depending upon what the question.It allows people to be polite and not have to answer calls when in a agency of people that maybe trying to focus on studying or in a office. There are also times when you cant make voice calls because you dont have enough reception, but you have enough to send a text to one of your friends. This sometimes can be very important because lets say you wreaked your car and you cant get reception to make a call and you can use a text and alert someone that you need help. Some people feel less scared to contact someone if they can just text them and this sometimes can help kids who are afraid to talk to people to help them build self-esteem.Overall if we didnt have text communi cate we would be limited to a lot less options in order to get in contact with people that we need to contact. Social networking is a big part of the current generation and is being used by most kids to keep in contact with their friend and to provide people with the entertainment of perceive what others are doing and seeing what they are talking about with others. There are many different sites for favorable networking, the most popular are Facebook, MySpace, and twitter.Facebook is more popular amongst college students and Myspace is more toward the grade school students. Twitter is a different than the others because it allows you follow what people are doing and thinking about more than any of the other social networking sites. The people that are on twitter are usually posting what they are thinking about and what they are currently experiencing. They usually post a lot more stuff than on Facebook or Myspace. Twitter is very cool for the reason that you can follow famous peop le and see what it is that they are doing or thinking about.It helps people follow their favorite people and it helps them to better get to know what they go through in their daily life. Each social networking site offers something a little different, but they all offer some form of communication. Social networking is a majuscule place to build social skills and self-esteem. Those who are not as forthcoming as others can build social skill and can help them in the future. There are a lot of people that are too shy to be able to make friends and then in the future they dont have people skills and in most jobs these skill are very important to succeed.Social networking sites can also motivate people to do well because some people see that their friends are working hard to finish a paper and they realize that they are not the only person that has a paper to work on. Then they have more motivation to work harder. People can communicate with family and friends that they have not seen in a long time. There are many situations that would cause people to not have seen their friends and family and social networking helps them to keep in contact. It provides a lot of entertainment to those who dont have anything to do.It familiarizes people with how to do basic html and how to upload photos to the internet. It teaches those who are not as good with computers as others to get to know how to do basic html and other basic programming. Social networking teaches people a lot of things, which can help people to better understand computers. Smart phones are the most powerful cell phones on the market and they basically make your phone into a computer because you can do a lot of stuff that your computer can do on a apt phone. They are very useful for being productive while being on the go.They make life a lot easier because while youre out, you can conveniently check your email, check your facebook, and look up what you need to bring on a business trip. The most popular smart phone is the Iphone. It is the best smart phone that is currently on the market, and has set up a posting of great applications to really be ready for your day. The menu is very user friendly and is considered a digital assistant. These phones are very popular amongst business people because it is very helpful to get documents on the go.They are the most expensive of phones because of their advanced features. Smart phones are great because they have many features to help your productivity a lot. The smart phone has features that help people finish their work while they are not in reach of a computer. This is really good because it helps people with time management and it can help people become better at writing because they will have more time to correct their mistakes if they have not wasted time sitting around at an airport or while sitting on a bus.Smart phones can be educational because as many people do they spend a lot of time learning and asking questions on the internet ab out how to do things and why things work the way they do. People can keep in contact better with smart phones because there are so many different types of communications. They can help people to make friends because of the various forms of communications. These phones can help you save money because of the built in GPS features. If someone gets lost all they have to do is type in where they need to be and the phone will tell the person where they need to go.Then you wont waste gas drive further out of your way. Smart phones are very helpful in many ways and are very educational to those who are looking for knowledge. Communication is changing in many ways and it is only enhancing our lives for the better. Communications are very important to our future. They hold the secret to many problems our country is suffering from. If we can use these great options, it could really advance how the world functions. The world is changing faster than ever and we should reap the benefits of it.

Thursday, May 23, 2019

Auden an the Greeks Essay

We would never score become fully conscious, which is to say that we would never have become, for better or worse, fully human. this quote is for W. H. Auden, who was a prolific writer and plat write. In this paper I will endeavor to consume insight more or lesswhat the author of this quote, the origins of this piece, and what the author meant in writhing it. As well as examples of proof that Audens theory was true or not.And finally I will give my opinion whether I palpate that Auden quote is correct. To start with a short back ground on the author Wystan Hugh Auden he was born in York, England, in 1907. He moved to Birmingham during childhood and was educated at Christ Church, Oxford. As a young man he was influenced by the poetry of Thomas Hardy, Robert Frost, William Blake, Emily Dickinson, as well as old English verse,(http//www. poets. org ). Auden seem to have al right smarts had a fascination with the ancient Greeks having been educated at a young maturate on the teac hing of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle .Audens love of the ancient Greeks would in later life place him in the category as a Grecophile ( a devotee of all things Greek). This love of Ancient Greek teachings, and traditions Im sure this led to Audens viewpoint of how the Greeks contributed to modern elaboration. In researching Audens line about the Ancient Greeks and their contributions to are modern day golf-club I found that the line is falln from a larger writing authorize The Greeks and Us in Forewords and Afterwords, (W.H. Auden, New York, 1973, p. 32). The Quote is I can think of no better way of indicating what we owe to Greece than drawing distinctions, for of all intellectual acts, that is maybe the most characteristically Greek.It is they who have taught us, not to thinkthat all human beings have always donebut to think about our thinking, to ask such(prenominal) questions as What do I think? , What do this and that another(prenominal) person or people think? , On wh at do we tot and disagree? wherefore? And not only did they learn to ask questions about thinking, but they also discovered how, instead of giving immediate resolving powers to suppose something to be the case and thence see what would follow if it were. To be able to perform either of these mental operations, a human being must first be capable of a tremendous feat of moral courage and sort out, for he must have learned how to resist the immediate demands of notioning and bodily needs, and to disregard his natural fretting about his future so that he can look at his self and his world as if they were not his but a strangers.If some of the Greek questions turned out to have been incorrectly put, if some of their answers have proved wrong, that is a trivial matter. Had Greek civilization never existed, we might awe God and deal justly with our neighbors, we might practice arts and even have learned how to devise fairly simple machines, but we would never have become fully cons cious, which is to say that we would never have become , for better or worse, fully human. (W. H. Auden, New York, 1973, p. 32). In reading this text I drive to understand where Audens viewpoint is coming from.The main part of the text and purpose of this paper is still widely regarded as true by umpteen citizens in our country today. That the ancient Greek society of Plato, Aristotle, and Socrates, still offers much to the modern world. And with out this it would be hard to imagine what our world would be resembling without their contributions. Auden is agreeing with this philosophy. Auden is basically saying that the ancient Greeks have contributed how we should be looking at things that affect are daily lives, however so many of us do not.This is saying that we should be looking at a subject from not only are own viewpoint, or are initial first fancy on the subject, but to be introspective and take the time to contemplate how the world around us may, or may not, see the same adjust of circumstance. And then taking all opinions into consideration for the final outcome regardless ff that outcome is good or bad. This takes a lot of mentally thought and discipline since in modern society we tend to be less philosophical, most of us say and do what first comes to our minds regardless of what others around us feel or think of the matter, or the eventual outcome of the situation.In my opinion Auden was saying that we can and should apply this to every aspect of are lives whether it is a personal matter, a judgment call, or really anything. The Greeks felt, in my opinion, that you must always think of your fellow man first and place oneself in his shoes, how another would feel and react to a situation taking that in to consideration and basing ones thoughts and actions on that.This sets peoples apart from a reactionary society to a thinking one, and had Greek civilization not existed we may have made our way, however we would certainly not had compassion for o ur fellow man and their viewpoints, in other words we would have not become fully human. This school of thought can be shown in example by the relationship of the three great ancient Greek philosophers Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, theirs was a relationship of a teacher educating his pupils.Socrates schooled his followers, Plato, Aristotle with his vast knowledge and wisdom, the method became known as Socratic. According to Socrates an inquisitive nature was critical in understanding and puzzle out questions. And by posing this to every one from the man on the street to authority figures and taking their opinions into consideration would compel you to the most reasonable and logical answer benefiting all involved in the situation. However not even Socrates pupils always agreed with his teachings.Both Plato and Aristotle disagreed with some of Socrates views and disagreed with one another. One thing that both did agree on was that an open forum of opinions would help you to acquire th e best solution to a problem. Whether they agreed with it or not you must listen and always persist in to discover from as many sources to come to the correct conclusion. In conclusion my viewpoint on W. H. Audens comment Had Greek civilization never existed we would never have become fully conscious, which is to say that we would never have become, for better or worse, fully human.That yes indeed, after researching what he was referring to and the trying to look at it from the lieu of the ancient Greeks that using critical thinking, and excepting all shades of opinion whether you agree with them or not and allowing them into your decision making process this is the most effectual way of deducing a question. In this I agree, however I find the modern world we are living in that few of my fellow humans take little or any of this into consideration. Today in my opinion we speak more often before we think of what we are saying and how it effects other and these peoples viewpoints.To me this is sad, if we thought more about the views and feelings of one another and less about making sure our own voice is heard what a different society we would live in. I would have to say I agree with W. H. Auden that if not for ancient Greece we would not have developed fully in to humans. However I feel that our modern society is growing rapidly away from theses ancient principals.

Wednesday, May 22, 2019

How Do Men and Woman Communicate Differently?

How do men and cleaning lady communicate differently in alliances? Monique Giresi Professor Martin Analytical Reading 81148 I. A. How To gravel Married Anne capital of Jamaica Magazine Article B. He verbalize, She Said Deborah Tannen Magazine Article II. A. The magazine condition titled, How to Stay Married, begins with a story about a 68-year old wo mankind named Cynthia. The article has a narrative style of writing in the beginning, however as unrivaled reads on, the style converts to expository. Anne Kingston, the author, begins to teach the reader by using examples of others and personal experiences to support her spotlight.B. The magazine article titled, He Said, She Said, is an expository piece of writing. Deborah Tannen, the author, is a professor of linguistics at Geor stomachown University, and the author or several(prenominal) account books proving that Tannen is very knowledgeable on this subject. Throughout the article there atomic number 18 many examples (such a s pre-school children conversing) in which Tannen uses to as proof, to show that man are much interested in hierarchy, and woman are more interested in equality. III. A. How To Stay Married * Stability 1. better health, a rich shared history, the cheer of having omeone who has your back, and personal and economic perceptual constancy amid global uncertainty. (p2) 2. Stability- To go for a solid and strong balance or partnership. 3. Having my boyfriend by my side as a person to talk to when I was upset, gave me a great sense of the stability. * Amid 4. better health, a rich shared history, the comfort of having slightlyone who has your back, and personal and economic stability amid global uncertainty. (p2) 5. Amid- During a course of something. 6. I know that Ill always have my family for support amid the stressful school year. * Rampant 7. sexual secrecy in marriage is rampant, from a woman buoyed by the memory (p4) 8. Rampant- Uncontrollable rage. 9. When sitting in class d uring a discussion, it is rampant that I respond my opinion. * Infidelity 10. not that Krasnow is advocating infidelity, though flirting is fine (p4) 11. Infidelity- Adultery cheating on your spouse. 12. In my house, we dont believe in divorce, nor do we believe in infidelity. Therefore, we get married at an older age so we are sure the man/woman is worth the marriage. * Extramarital 13. Unlike husbands, wives are driven to two-timing(a) affairs (p4) 14. Extramarital-Having sexual intercourse with someone other than your spouse. 15. It is wrong in many religions for one to include themselves in extramarital affairs. - B. He Said, She Said * boundless 16. sheds a light on innumerable adult conversations and frustrations. (p3) 17. Innumerable- Incapableofbeingcountedcountless. 18. Some art has innumerable opinions on its meaning. * Fathom 19. he did exactly what she put across and cannot fathom wherefore she would keep talking about a problem (p3) 20.Fathom- To understand discov er the meaning of 21. Many people cannot fathom the reasoning of some criminals actions. * Commiserate 22. in other words, topping each other can be another way to commiserate (p4) 23. Commiserate- To feel or express sorrow or sympathy for. 24. Everyday my mother calls my aunt and asks how she is feeling. She doesnt do this because she should, she does it to commiserate my aunt. * Interplay 25. How does this way of talking reflect the interplay of connection and hierarchy? (p5) 26. Interplay- Circumstances, events, or personal relations. 7. How does practicing a sport from a young age reflect the interplay of performance later in life? * Inextricably 28. The two are not mutually exclusive but inextricably intertwined. (p7) 29. Inextricably- Extremely involved. 30. I am inextricably concerned with my schoolwork. IV. A. The magazine article titled, How to Stay Married, is written in a cause effect pattern of organization. Authors who use the cause-and-effect approach dont just tell what happened they try to explain why it happened too. In this article, author Anne Kingston uses various examples of cause-and-effect.One sample from Kingstons article is, its precisely the disconnect in the midst of that expectation that husband and wife be everything to one another and the reality of marriage that causes women to keep secrets (p3) Here Kingston begins her statement with the effect and concludes it with the cause of women keeping secrets. B. The magazine article titled, He Said, She Said, is written in a comparison-contrast pattern of organization. Authors who use the comparison-contrast approach both compare and contrast two things throughout the argument. In this article, author, Deborah Tannen uses several examples of comparison-contrast.One illustration from Tannens article is, her point of view, asking directions means making a fleeting connection to a antic and getting where you are going without losing anything. From his perspective, he would be putting h imself in a one-down position to a stranger (p4). Here Tannen shows how opposite men and women think sometimes. V. C. How To Stay Married * Facts 1. And what their stories reveal is that marital longevity requires wives to establish strong, die identities from their husbands through creative coping mechanisms, some of them covert. (p2) Fact because there is proof at bottom the book The Secret Lives of Wives Women Share What Its Really Like To Stay Married. That book shares stories from different women, all proving this statement to be true. 2. Both the marriage rate and divorce rate are dropping. (p3) Fact because the evidence to this is created from true statistics. D. He Said, She Said * Facts 3. mens talk tends to focus on hierarchywhereas womens tends to focus on connection (p2) Fact because earlier the author explains that she has collected and analyse thousands of men and women interacting for over three decades.Her gathered information has led her to this conclusion. 4. I have a brother named Benjamin and a brother named JonathanI have a brother named Benjamin and a brother named Jonathan, toowhy she would say such a thing. (p3) Fact because the father is explaining a conversation that very happened. VI. E. How To Stay Married * Opinions 5. Divorce fractured families. (p3) Opinion because there are cases in which a divorce can assistance the family. Sometimes it may decrease arguments and stress. 6. couples should confront each other space for marriage to thrive (p3) Opinion because some couples may feel that for a marriage to thrive the couple should be unitedly as much as they could and share new experiences together as a whole, as one. F. He Said, She Said * Opinions 7. actual sibling relationships are delineate not only by the connection of shared family, but also by the hierarchy of birth lodge. Opinion because this is not true with every family. For example, Im the youngest and my sibling and I feel equal among each other. We dont se e one another as higher, lower, better or worse. 8. Sisters lots feel acutely competitive about who knows what about family members secrets-or who knows what first. (p6) Opinion because this isnt true for every sister relationship. For example, in my family we dont have a preference with who knows what first, as long as eventually we all get to know the information. Every family is different and every sister relationship is not alike. VII. G. The magazine article How to Stay Married by Anne Kingston discusses womens role in modern marriages. There are several examples interpreted from the book The Secrets Lives of Wives What It Really Takes to Stay Married. This article also shares some stories of women committing adultery and Kingston provides some advice on the type of person one should marry. H. The magazine article He Said, She Said by Deborah Tannen discusses the different conversation styles of men and women. There are various examples proving that mens discussion focuses mo re on hierarchy, and womans dialogue emphasizes more on connection. Some samples throughout the article include a man and woman lost-wondering if they want to ask a stranger for directions or not, preschoolers playing with classmates, and sibling relationships.VIII. How Do Men And Women Communicate Differently In A Relationship? To start, men and women communicate differently in, or out, of a relationship. This is proven by Deborah Tannen in the magazine article He Said, She Said. Tannen explains that mens talk tends to focus on hierarchy competition for relative magnate whereas womens tends to focus on connection relative closeness or distance (p2) Tannen enforced her statement by filming preschoolers and proving the same conclusion. From this, we learn that these characteristics within us humans are not learned.Instead, they are with us from our childhood and throughout life. Sometimes these opposite perspectives create conflict within a relationship. For example, if a couple is lost and in need of directions the male would prefer to figure it out on his own and the women would wish to get to the destination as in short as possible. The man will feel overpowered by a stranger who knows where to go, while the woman would feel its reasonable to ask someone, in order to save time. In addition, women expect too much from their relationship.Sometimes they commit on their husbands for happiness. However, in the magazine article, How to Stay Married Anne Kingston explains, wives who dont rely on their husbands for happiness end up having the happiest marriages. (p2) When women dont feel the passion from their husbands they begin to feel lonely, and this leads to the unfortunate, adultery. Kingston reveals, its precisely the disconnect between the expectation that husband and wife be everything to one another and the reality of marriage that causes women to eep secrets (p3) For example, if women were to talk about a problem she is having, she is looking for c omfort, but the man may interpret that she is looking for a solution. Tannen explains, a man may well misread her conversational gambit as a request for help solving the problem. The result is mutual frustration she blames him for telling her what to do and failing to provide the expected comfort, whereas he thinks he did exactly what she requested and cannot fathom why she would keep talking about a problem if she does not want to do anything about it. (p3) The communication difference between the opposite genders is inevitable. As Kingston writes, you should marry someone who is flexible, confident and trusts you if you cant count on your husband or wife in a crazy unstable humanity then youre marrying the wrong person. (p5) IX. Works Cited Kingston, Anne. How To Stay Married. Macleans 10 October 2011 6. Academic Search Complete. Web. 31 October 2011. Tannen, Deborah. He Said, She Said. Scientific American Mind may/June 2010 8. Academic Search Complete. Web. 31 October 2011.

Tuesday, May 21, 2019

History of Nature and Nurture Essay

Abstract Nature vs. cite has been discussed by philosophers in the past and by scientists most recently. Philosophers such as Plato argued that all knowledge was transmissible through your parent and when you were told something you didnt learn it you were just reminded of it. Aristotle however argued that all adult males were born with a blank slate and built on it with twine from there environment. In the 1700s the empiricists and the internalists took over the argument. They fought through letters explaining there point of views and denouncing the others. This leads to Pavlov coming up with the idea of behaviouristic psychology in the too soon 1900?s. behaviorism became the new wave of Psychology and influenced a lean towards the nurture side. It was non effectively argued against until 1928 when Watson promulgated his book. This opened up the floodgates for environmental influences studies. Soon the idea of nurture was the popular excuse for behavior. Studies using anim als were the most popular was in which scientists used to prove a theory, or disprove a theory. The newest studies use human gibe to prove nature vs. nurture. An age-old question has been asked for generations in the first place us. What is the reasons behind the development of human behavior?There have been many theories formulated to explain wherefore humans behave the way they do. Explanations vary from demonology to magnetic fluids controlling peoples behaviors. Over time, two theories have remained popular in academic field such as philosophy and psychological science. The surviving theories for behavior stem from physiological and sociological explanations. However, the two explanations have not always been compatible with each other. The historied nature vs. nurture debate over human behavior resulted from conflicting views between proponents of the physiological (nature) and sociological (nurture) explanations.Throughout history, research has swayed popularity back and f orth between the theories. Yet, theorists have broken down the line separating nature and nurture. Today, people us some(prenominal) explanations in research to advance the knowledge of human behavior. Thousands of years before the field of psychology, philosophers pondered on human behavior. As early as 350 BC, such philosophers as Plato and Aristotle tried to understand behavior. The question of nature or nurture as the primary drive rear be traced to these times. Plato believed behavior and knowledge was due to naive agents.Author Fiona Cowie states, The claim that the character of our mental furniture is to a astronomic extent internally rather than environmentally determined found its first substantive defense in the works of Plato (Cowie, 1999, p. 3). Plato theorized, and Descartes later agreed, that all knowledge is benefaction at birth. Plato also believed that the environment played a part in human processes, but he thought it had an unique role. He believed the envi ronment did not teach people anything new, but its purpose was to remind people of information they already knew (Cowie, 1999).Although Platos views are not supported today, he laid the nucleotide for other researchers to follow. On the other hand, philosopher Aristotle theorized a different idea about human behavior. He presented the idea that humans are born into the world with a blank slate and peoples behavior and thoughts are due to experience (Ashcraft, 1998). His tabula rasa explanation believed that the environment and experience were the important influences in human behavior. contradictory Plato, Aristotle hypothesized that humans were not born with knowledge, but they acquire it through experience (Ashcraft, 1998).Aristotles idea of the tabula rasa is not believed today. Nevertheless, his belief that the environment was a vital factor in behavior influenced many empiricists throughout history. During the late 1700s, the nature vs. nurture debate began to heat up between philosophers. Internalists (nature) and empiricists (nurture) wrote literature back and forth essay to prove their beliefs and disprove the others theories. Two philosophers, G. W. Leibniz and John Locke, were main representatives of their respected explanations. Leibniz promoted the internalism point of view.Cowie states, Leibnizs position on this issue is, of course, that the tabula is far from rasa ? The intelligence inherently contains the sources of various notions and doctrines, which external objects merely rouse up (Cowie, 1999, p. 7). Leibniz argued against Locke and other empiricists stated that there is no way ideas which come into the mind from outside can be formed into beliefs and judgments without the operation of specific internal mechanisms (Cowie, 1999, p. 17). At the same time, John Locke and his fellow philosophers campaigned for empiricism.Like Aristotle, the philosophers believed that humans thoughts and actions were determined not by innate factors, but by the their unique experiences (Ashcraft, 1998). Locke argued against the internalists by examining different human processes such as logic and logical thinking. He would ask how it was possible to use logic and reasoning if people were born with all of the knowledge they would ever acquire (Cowie 1999, p. 19). The contrasting views of the two groups had begun the nature vs. nurture debate, which would linger in the fields of philosophy and psychology for decades.A point should be do that even though the interalists and empiricists felt strongly about their theories, the explanations were not entirely opposite of each other. Cowie explains, ? rhetoric aside, both empiricists and nativists are both internalist and externalists about the origin of what is in our minds(Cowie, 1999, p. 17). Even Leibniz and Locke stated that the philosophies sometimes were only different by the choices of words they used to describe their theories. Leibniz in one case wrote that fundamentally their v iews were the same about the nature vs. nurture question (Cowie, 1999).Over the next couple hundred years, popularity was split between nature and nurture. However, in the early 1900s Ivan Pavlov accidentally discovered what eventually became labeled as behaviorism. Behaviorists believed that the environment was the greatest factor in shaping behavior. The theory quickly gained notoriety in psychology and swayed popularity to the nurture side. One of the leaders in behavioral research was John Watson, who is most recognized for his work in conditioning Little Albert. In 1928, Watson published a book that included his idea that infants were like clay.Watson stated that he could make an infant anything he desired by manipulating the environment (Barnet, 1998). Watson wrote, Give me a dozen healthy infants and my own special world to bring them up in and Ill guarantee to take any one and train him to beget any type of specialist (Amsel, 1989, p. 24). In the 1960s, Skinner also became well known for his research in behaviorism. Most of his work dealt with behavior modification with animals (Amsel, 1989). probably Skinners most famous research is when he conditioned pigeons to guide missiles (Modgil, 1987).However, Skinner, and others in his field, began to receive scrutiny for ignoring the biology of humans. Yet, Skinner responded by saying, The expostulation to inner states is not that they do not exist, but that they are not relevant in a functional analysis (Modgil, 1987, p. 228). From the 1920s to 1950s, behaviorism and nurturism predominate psychology. The domination did not go without any challenges, and it did not last forever. As early as 1929, behaviorism came under attack by psychologists who believed genes were the key to human behavior. To begin, Arnold Gesell questioned the environmental view of Watson.Author Myrtle McGraw states, Gesell contended that there was nothing one could do through training young infants to accelerate their development o ne exactly had to wait until the cells of the nervous system ? ripened(McGraw, 1995, p. 264). The biological research continued to build against behaviorism, and its popularity began to decrease. In 1959, the final attack that swayed popularity to the nature side of development originated with Noam Chomsky and other psycholinguists. Chomsky attacked behaviorisms scientific empiricism, especially dealing with the acquisition of language (Amsel, 1989). Ashcraft (1998) explains, Chomsky argued not only that the behaviorist account of language was seriously wrong and misguided, but that behaviorism was unable in principle to provide useful scientific knowledge of language (p. 22). In addition, research developments in physiology and new studies involving genetics, such as adoption studies, and studies on twins, popularized genetic influence over environmental. The most resent studies that have been done on twins and adoption use both identical and faternel twins. This consists in the studying of twins that were separated at birth and grew up in separate homes. Identical twins are100% genetically similar and allow exact genetic replicas to study, where fraternal twins are the same as any other siblings at 50% similar (Vanderbilt pg6). Some of the final results of these studies draw astonishing similarities between identical twins, yet others show little evidence of these similarities. With fraternal twins there is some similarities but none that are terminated evidence of the nature theory. These studies fuel the pot for both the nature and the nurture ideas. The nature vs. nurture debate over the last forty years has reached an agreement that they both influence the development of human behavior.In the 1960s, researchers from both theories began to study the fundamental interaction of the genes and the environment (Devlin 1997). Dr. Ann Barnet explains, Even in an unborn baby, genes and environment interact some from the moment of conception(Barnet, 1998, p. 10). The interaction between nature and nurture can be summed up by the statements of Dr. Fausto-Sterling and Dr. Evan Balaban. Fausto-Sterling states, People want simple explanations for hard-core problems. If there was an antitestosterone drug that we could to inject to make young boys nice it would be easier and cheaper than transforming schoolsor whatever is at the heart of the problem (Barnet, 1998). However, Balaban replies, dont hold your steer if you think looking for genes to help you understand violence. I would put my money on some clever environmental manipulations, because in the end youre waiver there anyway (Barnet, 1998, p. 206). The nature vs. nurture debate has produced many research advances in the area of human development. Even though evidence proves that there is an interaction between genes and the environment, people will continue to study the effects of each in development.In these future studies, more groundbreaking advances will be made to aid humans i n better understanding human behavior. In the end, that is what both sides of the nature vs. nurture debate intended to accomplish. Bibliography Amsel, A. (1989). Behaviorism, Neobehaviorism, and Cognitivism in Learning Theory. Hillsdale, NJ Erlbaum,. Ashcraft, M. (1998). Fundamentals of Cognition. New York, NY Longman. Barnet, A. (1998). The Youngest Minds. New York, NY Simon & Schuster. Cowie, F. (1999). Whats Within?. Oxford Oxford University Press. Devlin, B.(1997). Intelligence, Genes, and Success. New York, NY Copernicus. Deutschmann, Linda B. (2002). Deviance and Social Control Third Edition. Scarborough, ON Nelson Thomson Learning. Fujita, Frank. (2000). Nature vs. Nurture. 3/15/2002 from http//folk. uio. no/roffe/faq/node 11. html McGraw, M. (1995). Beyond Heredity and Environment. San Francisco, CA Westview Press. Modgil, S. (1987). B. F. Skinner Consensus and Controversy. New York, NY Falmer Press. Myers, David G. (2001). Psychology Sixth Edition. New York, NY Worth Publi shers.

Monday, May 20, 2019


In the current international community, the issue of human refines had been one of the main issues that atomic number 18 approach by the different countries in the world. Topics such(prenominal) as the inhumane treatment towards women and children to the highest degreely in the pose Eastern Countries and Islamic communities around the world are the problems that are still in cosmos debated by my ex take oners today. Although many a(prenominal) feminist say that there is inequality and inhumanity in the treatment of women in the Middle East, in reality, women are really torn between deciding to obey their culture or practice their right as a woman.In the past, Persian women are given the equal rights with men. These women overhear their own properties and are able to retain these even after their marriage. Most of them are given the right to their own liberty and are acknowledged as the virtually important concourse in the alliance given their ability to bear a child and such. In an article written by Massoume Price, he stated that based on historical facts the widowed wife inherited from the deceased even if she did non wipe place children. A woman could not act as a witness in the bill of exchange up of contracts, but she could act as a contracting eccentricy and throw away her own postage (Price, n. . ). Women had the same power as men but as the divisions progress, female rights in Iran have lessened which led to repression and gender inequality. In the go for Persepolis discusses such dilemma of a 9 year elder child living in Iran during the Iran and Iraq war. The author of the retain is Marjane Satrapi who actually is the lead character in the whole theme and narrates her experiences as a child until now as an Iranian woman. The book is a graphic novel which looks like a comic strip. The book is filled with black and white drawings (The Creole Cat, 1) which I personally think as unique and cool.It is not like a typical book which is filled with words and serious topics that will turn aside to be a boring book in the end. Although the book does not present is self as a serious and a involved book to read, the issues raised in the book has became one of the most controversial concern in Iran and in various countries in the world. (Revolution, n. p. ) The graphic novel narrates the bread and butter of Marjane Satrapi who was then living in a disorganised world of regime in Iran. Her family is connected to the political branches of the government which makes her more exposed to the lifestyle of politics in Iran.Her family was communists who generally do not agree with the system of the Islamic Fundamentalists and its actions. Her family usually hosts under undercoat parties which was a form of rebellion in the government. These parties were not allowed by the government because they are believed to be a western practice which opposes the belief of the fundamentalists. Therefore heavy punishments could be h eld to them if they are caught participating in these activities. As Marjane harpd in a family that was against the Islamic Fundamentalists, she also created measures that imitated the actions of her family.She got interested in punk and heavy metal medicine and often bought Nike shoes in the black market. Due to the bold actions of the young Marjane, her family decided that she must live in a different country to prevent her from being arrested by officials, It would have been better to dear go (Eberstadt cited in Satrapi n. p. ). During her high school life, she was sent to Vienna Austria however, she felt like she was isolated and typically hated the people around her. She believes that Westerners do not put any value to the freedom that they have. subsequently a few months of her vex in Austria she had a relationship with a young man. She became passionately in love with him but after a while, she discovered that he was cheating on her. Due to this, she had clinical depressi on and almost died of bronchitis. She went home to Iran with a broken heart (Revolution, n. p. ). By the time that she was in college, she went can to Iran. She was hopeful that changes in the night club would be present because the war had already ended however the problem in Iran seemed to have a much bigger issue to solve.Petty issues such as subtile differences in religion, and group executions due to political conflicts had been a source of bigger complications in the society which lead to a much chaotic Iran. The conflict made the lives of the people much more difficult most especially to the women living in the country. Iran had a much more conservative law which made life for Marjane much more complicated. Freedom of wearing make-up was prohibited. Marjane was almost caught wearing cosmetics but in the end, she got out of the situation for accusing the police for staring wrongly at her body.In addition she married her young buck near to avoid the police scrutiny. In the end, Marjane Satrapi separated with her husband after their three years of marriage. some other(a) events happened and finally her parents decided that she must leave the country in put together to prevent her from being arrested by the police. Marjane agreed to the plan of her parents however, after her departure from Iran her grand bewilder died. In the whole story, the role of women was one of the strongest and most evident participation. In some articles that critiqued the book has stated that the graphic novel is about feminism and women mandate in the Middle East.The book highlights the role and responsibilities of women in a conservative and Islamic community such that of Tehran, Iran. When the Islamic Fundamentalist party one the most obvious changes that the women had to do was to change the way they dress. Women look at to cover their hair in order to not entice the men. In the conservative belief of the Islam religion, women must not show of a body part because it m ight lead to something sinful for the part of the men. The haze over became a mandatory outfit of every woman whether they may be young or old (Creole Cat, 1).Make-ups are also not allowed by the Islamic Fundamentalists for they believe that it is a Western belief and and so is should not be put on by any woman. In the story Marjane was almost arrested by the police but she was able to make an alibi. In addition, women in many ways had created actions in order to prevent men from being caught by the police while going against the action of the government. A facet in the graphic novel where in the police stopped their car for inspection. The police officer inspected her come and suspected that Marjanes father had drunk wine.Upon inspection, the mother tried to negotiate with the officers pleading that her father just became surprised with the inspection. In the continuing scene, the grandmother excused herself finished justifying that she has diabetes. She was understood by one of the officers and through this, the grandmother and Marjane were able to go up their apartment and sneak in. They were able to throw away the wines that they have kept in their apartment. Females in Iran were able to somehow cover up for the men because of their characteristic of being compassionate and patient with negotiations with other people.Marjanes mother is specifically patient and calm during situations like these. She gives keep going to her husband but is more composed. Although she wanted to have justice and equality amongst everyone in Iran she does not act as violently as others would do. (Satrapi 107-110) The role of the maid in the story was also an important part of the novel. Although it is given small attention, the scene of the story is proclaiming that there is hearty construct of limiting oneself from interacting with other people due to the social company.A maid is not a high paying job compared to other jobs available. Maids are also seen as low class ci tizens and must not go out of their social class. They must not marry higher(prenominal) class people such as the middle class and the elites. It would be immoral and improper because in the Iranian society, any individual must not go out of their social class, like Marjanes father said In this country you must stay within your own social class (Eberstadt cited in Satrapi n. p. ). Due to this belief and social construct, the interaction of the society becomes limited which creates in equality.However, Marjane stated a line in which makes the readers realize that there must not be boundaries with the relations of people We were not in the same social class but at least we were in the same bed( Eberstadt cited in Satrapi n. p. ). Her line expressed states that everyone is equal with one another, in terms of loving another person. The situation of the maid, demonstrated that class difference is one of the main issues set about by Iran. The main character, Marjane illustrates a child t hat was born in a family that wanted to have a just world.Just like her parents, she also employs her own belief system which led to many troubles which were narrated in the book. Her boldness and strong belief present a modern Iranian woman that wants to get out of her shell to explore other realities. Marjane advocates the openness to other new experiences such that of the western culture. As a young girl, she immediately had a different sense of desire for freedom and equality. When she was in her younger years, she was already out spoken about her ideas and her dreams.She wanted to become a prophet which is not really a dream for most the girls of her age. Her teacher even called her parents because she got disturbed by the idea the Marjane wanted to be a prophet. Her dream of becoming a prophet evidently makes her represent the female population that wanted freedom and equality from the Islamic Fundamentalists belief. Although Marjane was being bold and was acting against the p rinciple of her belief, she still believed in a higher and stronger being which was shown in her graphic novel.Though, women were repressed and were forced to the will of the fundamentalists, Marjanes role became an important in the book to show that she was a woman that pursued what she believed is right even though she was held back by the society. She did chase her dream in making the lives of women and other Iranians free from all the difficulties that she had in her past life. Marjanes life became a symbol of fearlessness and change for many women in the Iranian society. In conclusion, women in the book all have their own roles.The elderly women in the book such as the mother and the grandmother of Marjane played the role of protecting their families through peaceful means. As much as possible, these elders are fighting for what they believe is right however, they do not do the extremes unlike Marjane. They move with grace and solicitude to make sure that their family is well protected and at peace. The maids role in the story is being a woman less powerful than the normal one due to her stance in the society. Being a woman and being poor held her back to the lower part of the social system.The Iranian conservative society does not allow a lower class female to marry or be in a relationship with a male who is in the higher social status or vise versa. On the other hand, Marjanes role in novel changed the perspective of many of the characters. Her rebellion made gave her a little freedom which was needed by most of the women during her time. Marjane showed her strength and courage in battling the norms of her society to prove that women should be given more freedom than their culture allows.

Sunday, May 19, 2019

Qualitative Research Project Essay

introductionSince the 1990s racial Profiling has become a major issue in our society. There has been an teemingness of court cases, killings and protests where people from the Black community feel that they are being harassed, stopped and questioned or arrested, only when for their outward appearance and look. Racial profile for the most part has been linked to the police and their investigative methods. as yet racial compose is non just limited to the police and their methods. Since 9/11 and the Iraq war racial profiling has become apparent in our view and beliefs against the Muslim/Islamic community. SummaryMy topic of word for my project is racial profiling and how it affects a certain socioeconomic group. The type of research that I leave behind use in my project is the Qualitative Method, using Ethnographic research. By using this form of soft research you can target all aspects of the social settings and attempt to find out and describe how versatile parts fit together , where the Quantitative method would not be ideal because it mainly deals with numbers and statistics. In this type of research you need to seduce behavior and social qualities that numbers cannot measure. Ethnographic research is the trump type of research to use for this issue of racial Profiling because it is found on a wide perspective that emphasizes looking for the meaning attached to social setting by the participants. Ethnographic research is not confined to any method of data collection. But is typically is based on a baseborn number of cases and depends on intensive open-ended interactions with them. (Dorsten, L. 2014)AnalysisThe first term that I pull up stakes take apart is Racial Profiling and practice of law Subculture. The article deals with is the practice of subjecting citizens to increased surveillance or scrutiny based on racial or ethical factors rather than reasonable suspicion. (Chan, J. 2011). The article touches onhow racial profiling is difficult t o prove when dealing with the police and their investigative methods. The second article Is Racial Profiling fair? Making Criminal Justice Policy in the Original Position. This article discusses how racial profiling is addressed without using racism and with using racism. The author attempts to prove is racial profiling is just? at last the third article titled The Art of the Unseen Three Challenges for Racial Profiling. In this article the author attempts to express how racial profiling is analyzed using the moral status when dealing the cost and benefits involved in police investigative procedures.MethodologyHow does racial profiling affect the pitch blackness community. Racial profiling affects the black community directly by police continually going outside of their way to stop, harass or arrest blacks simply by the fact that they look a certain way. It affects the black community indirectly because the black community knows or experiences racial profiling and no longer save complete trust of policemen.HypothesisThrough my research on the topic of Racial Profiling have noticed that there are many issues of the black community that are affected, be it by discomfort, senseless, erroneous methods of police and society.ConclusionRacial profiling is a pervasive nationwide practice that federal and local anaesthetic fair play enforcement agencies use. Whatever type of racial profiling that is demonstrated is an unjust and ineffective method of law enforcement. There are now more laws, policies and procedures that are now in place to help placate racial profiling towards any type of race, origin or ethnicity. Becoming more aware of these issues will help and deter any type of unjust, unlawful type of discrimination towards anyone.ReferencesChan, J. (2011). Racial Profiling and Police Subculture. 75-77. Dorsten, L. E. (2014). Research Methods and Society. Pearson Custom Library. Reiman, J. (2011). Is Racial Profiling Just ? Making Criminal Justice Policy i n theOriginal Position. 1-5. Thomsen, F. K. (2010). The Art of the Unseen Three Challenges for Racial Profiling. Department of Philosophy and Science Studies, 100-115.

Saturday, May 18, 2019

The Hunters: Moonsong Chapter Twenty-Four

Giggling, beautiful tripped on her way sight the stairs, her foot access right out of her high-heeled shoe.Here you go, Cinderel a, Zander express, picking up the shoe and kneeling in front of her. He helped slip her foot bet on into it, his fingers warm and steady once against her instep.Bonnie gave a mock curtsy, muffling her laughter. Thank you, mlord, she state flirtatiously.She felt fabulous, so sil y and happy. It was almost as if she was drunk, but shed only had a hardly a(prenominal) sips of beer. No, she was drunk. inebriate on Zander, on his kisses, his gentle hands, and his big blue eye. She took his hand, and he smiled down at her, that long thick smile, and Bonnie just absolutely quivered.Seems like the partys wrapping up, she said, as they hit the first floor. It was substantive y crossting late, almost two oclock. There were only a few groups of hard-core partiers left a bunch of frat boys by the keg, some theater-department girls dancing with great wide swoo ps of their arms, a couple sit hand in hand at the bottom of the stairs in deep conversation. Meredith, Stefan, Samantha, and Matt had disappeared, and if Elena had eer shown up, she had left, too. Zanders friends had gone, or been kicked out.Good-bye, good-bye, Bonnie caroled to the few people who remained. She hadnt veritable y gotten a chance to talk to some(prenominal) of them, but they al looked perfectly nice. Maybe next time she went to a party, shed stay longer and real y bond with people she hadnt met before.Look at al the new friends her friends had made on campus. Bonnie gave a special wave to a couple of people shed seen Matt with lately a short guy whose name she thought was Ethan and that girl with the dark curls and dimples. Not freshmen. She loved everyone tonight, but they deserved it most, because they had seen what a wonderful guy Matt was. They waved masking at her, a little hesitantly, and the girl smiled, her dimples deepening.They seem real y nice, Bonn ie told Zander, and he glanced back at them as he opened the door.Hmmm, he said noncommittal y, and the look in his eyes, just for a minute, made Bonnie shiver.Arent they? she said nervously. Zander looked away from them, back toward her, and his warm bril iant smile spread across his face. Bonnie relaxed the frostyness shed seen in Zanders eyes must fetch been just a trick of the light.Of course they are, Bonnie, he said. I just got distracted for a sec. He wrapped his arm nearly her shoulders, pul ing her close, and dropped a kiss on the top of her head. She sighed contentedly, cuddling up against his side.They walked unitedly companionably for a while. Look at the stars, Bonnie said softly. The night was clear and the stars hung bright in the sky. Its because its head start to get colder at night that we can see them so Well. Zander didnt answer, only made a hmming efficacious deep in his throat again, and Bonnie glanced up at him through with(predicate) her eyelashes. Do you want to get breakfast with me in the morning? she asked. On Sundays, the cafeteria does make-your-own waffles, with lots of different toppings. Delicious.Zander was staring off into the distance with that comparable half-listening expression he had the last time they walked across campus together. Zander? Bonnie asked cautiously, and he frowned down at her, spiny his lip thoughtful y.Sorry, he said. He took his arm off of Bonnies shoulders and backed away a few steps, smiling stiffly. His whole body was tense, as if he was about to take off running.Zander? she asked again, confused.I forgot something, Zander said, avoiding her eyes. I have to go back to the party.Oh. Il come with you, Bonnie offered.No, thats okay. Zander was shifting from foot to foot, glancing over Bonnies shoulders as if, short, hed kind of be anywhere than with her. Abruptly, he surged forward and kissed her awkwardly, their teeth knocking together, and then he stepped backward and turned, walkway in th e other direction. His strides lengthened, and soon he was running away from her, disappearing into the night. Again. He didnt look back.Bonnie, suddenly alone, shivered and looked around, peering into the darkness on al sides. She had been so happy a minute ago, and now she felt cold and dismayed, as if she had been hit with a splash of freezing cold water.You have got to be kidding me, she said aloud.Elena was trembling so hard that Damon was afraid she might just shake herself apart. He wrapped his arms around her comfortingly, and she glanced up at him without real y seeming to see him, her eyes glassy.Stefan she moaned softly, and Damon had to fight down a sharp stab of irritation. So Stefan was overreacting.What else was new? Damon was here, Damon was with her and supporting her, and Elena needed to realize that.He was tempted to grab Elena hard by the chin and make her real y look at him.In the old days, he would have done just that. Hel , in the old days, he would have sen t a flush of Power at Elena until she was docile in his hands, until she didnt even remember Stefans name. His canines prickled longingly just thinking of it. Her derivation was like wine.Not that expecting Elena to give in to his Power meekly had ever worked particularly Well, he admitted to himself, his speak curling into a smile.But he wasnt like that anymore. And he didnt want her that way. He was trying so hard, although he hated to admit it even to himself, to be worthy of Elena. To be worthy of Stefan, even, if it came right down to it. It had been comforting to final y have his baby brother looking at him with something other than execration and disgust.Well, that was over. The tentative truce, the beginnings of friendship, the brotherhood, whatever it had been between him and Stefan, was gone.Come on, princess, he murmured to Elena, helping her up the stairs toward her door. Just a little farther. He couldnt be sorry they kissed. She was so beautiful, so alive and vibra nt in his arms. And she tasted so good.And he loved her, he did, as far as his hard smell was capable of it. His peach curled again, and he could taste his own bitterness. Elena was never going to be his, was she? Even when Stefan turned his back on her, the self-righteous idiot, he was al she thought about. Damons free hand, the one that wasnt cupping Elenas shoulder protectively, tightened into a fist.Theyd reached Elenas room, and Damon fished in her purse for her keys, unlocking the door for her.Damon, she said, turning in the doorway to look him straight in the eyes for the first time since before Stefan caught them kissing. She looked pale stil , but resolute, her mouth a straight line. Damon, it was a mistake. Damons heart dropped like a stone, but he held her gaze. I know, he said, his voice steady. Everything wil work out in the end, princess, youl see. He forced his lips to turn up in a reassuring, supportive smile. The smile of a friend. wherefore Elena was gone, the do or to her room shutting firmly behind her.Damon spun in his tracks, cursing, and kicked at the wal behind him. It cracked, and he kicked it again with a sour satisfaction at the feeling of the plaster splitting.There was a muted plain coming from behind the other doors on the floor, and Damon could hear footsteps approaching, someone coming to investigate the noise. If he had to accept with anyone now, hed probably kil him. That wouldnt be a good idea, no matter how much he might jollify it for the moment, not with Elena right here.Launching himself toward an open hal window, Damon smoothly transitioned to a crow in midair. It was a substitute to stretch his wings, to pick up the rhythm of flying and feel the breeze against his feathers, lifting and supporting him. He flew through the window with a few strong beats of his wings and flung himself out into the night. Catching the wind, he soared recklessly high despite the darkness of the night. He needed the rush of the wind agai nst his body, needed the distraction.